Research Report on Global and Chinese Solar Cell Industries, 2010-2011 – Despite the international financial crisis, the PV installed capacity in the world still exceeded 7 GW in 2009, 27% increase over 2008. The development of the world’s major PV markets in 2009-2010 is as follows:

In 2009, affected by the upcoming subsidy decline, the newly added installed capacity of Germany saw substantial growth, reaching 3.80 GW. It reached 1.50 GW in December 2009. In 2010, the installed capacity will continue to increase and even exceed 5.40 GW.

The power retail price of Italy is relatively high. The price decline of PV modules and the good illumination condition of Italy bring high investment returns to PV systems there; the power generation cost in Italy is also close to grid parity. In 2009, the newly added installed capacity in Italy came up to 0.73 GW. As the subsidy policy may be adjusted in 2011, the newly added installed capacity in Italy may also rise in 2010 to reach 1.50 GW.

The sharp price reduction of PV modules, the subsidy for initial installation and the feed-in-tariff for surplus power propel the installed capacity of Japan to rise by 0.62 GW in 2009. As the cost of Japanese PV power plants has approached grid parity and the government lays emphasis on the PV industry, the newly added installed capacity of Japan is expected to reach 1 GW in 2010.

The U.S. government is conservative about the subsidy. The leading market California has to strictly control the fiscal expenditure and its subsidy system is quite complicated. In 2009, the newly added installed capacity in USA totaled nearly 0.43 GW. The PV power generation in California has almost realized grid parity. Thus, the construction of PV power stations will boom. In 2010, the newly added installed capacity in USA is estimated to be 0.75 GW.

In 2009, thanks to the high subsidy provided by the Czech government, the rate of return on investment of the country is pretty high, attracting a great many foreign enterprises to construct PV systems in the Czech Republic. As a result, the newly added installed capacity of the country was over 0.41 GW in 2009. In 2010, due to the government’s determination to control residents’ power expense and reduce the subsidy, the last round of upsurge in the installation of PV systems is expected to occur. It is predicted that this will raise the installed capacity of the Czech Republic to 1.20 GW.

Chinese government is afraid that high subsidy will cause market speculation. Thus, it determines the feed-in tariff of every single project by bidding, controls the approval of the total capacity enjoying initial installation subsidy and does not release nationwide feed-in tariff. In 2009, the PV installed capacity of China rose from near 0.07 GW to 0.16 GW; the growth rate was higher than the world average. In 2010, promoted by the Golden Sun Project and new PV station bidding projects, the installed capacity of China is predicted to reach and even exceed 0.60 GW.

The decline of PV systems’ price and the generous subsidy promote the development of French PV market. In 2009, the newly added installed capacity of France approached 0.19 GW. Similar conditions will also guarantee the development of French PV market in 2010. The installed capacity in the whole 2010 is predicted to be 0.35GW.

The Spanish market that achieved explosive growth in 2008 had a low growth rate in 2009 and 2010 due to the restriction by national policies. In 2009-2010, the PV markets in other regions of the world also witnessed rapid growth.

The global solar cell production has been rising at the annual average growth rate of 40% since 2000. Chinese solar cell industry enters the rapid development stage since 2005. A large number of enterprises are listed overseas in succession. The production and production capacity both see high-speed growth. In 2008, China surpassed Japan to become the global largest producer of solar cells. In Chinese solar cell industry, the share of the domestic market is small. Large quantities of products are exported to solar cell developed countries in Europe and North America. In the past five years, the export proportion of solar cells maintained over 95%. Namely, except that a small number of solar cells are installed in China, most products are exported.

In 2008, China’s export volume of solar cells added up to 1,960 MW. In 2009, the volume exceeded 3,000 MW. According to the data of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China, the total production of solar cells in China reached 2.96 GW in January-August of 2010, up by 200.4% YOY. It is predicted that Chinese solar cell industry will maintain rapid development in 2011-2012.

Through this report, readers can acquire more information:
-Supply and demand situation in the global and Chinese solar cell industries
-Analysis of the world’s major PV markets by country
-Analysis of major solar cell producers in China and the world
-Import and export of solar cells in China
-Competition in the global solar cell industry
-Prediction on the development of the global and Chinese solar cell industries

Follower persons are recommended to buy this report:
-Solar cell producers
-Solar cell module producers
-Polysilicon producers
-Solar cell traders
-Research institutes concerning Chinese solar cell industry
-Investors concerning Chinese solar cell industry


1 Overview of Solar Cell Industry
1.1 Related Concepts
1.1.1 Solar Cell and Its Classification
1.1.2 Solar PV Industry Chain
1.2 Analysis and Prediction on Supply in Global Solar Cell Industry, 2009-2012
1.2.1 Total Supply
1.2.2 Supply Structure
1.2.3 Prediction on Supply
1.3 Analysis and Prediction on Demand in Global Solar Cell Industry
1.3.1 Total Demand
1.3.2 Demand Structure
1.3.3 Prediction on Demand

2 Analysis of Major PV Markets in the World, 2009-2010
2.1 German PV Market
2.1.1 Development Course of Policies on German PV Market
2.1.2 Influences of New Policies on German PV Market, 2010
2.1.3 Status Quo of German PV Market
2.2 Italian PV Market
2.2.1 Development Course of Policies on Italian PV Market
2.2.2 Status Quo of Italian PV Market
2.3 USA PV Market
2.3.1 Development Course of Policies on USA PV Market
2.3.2 Status Quo of USA PV Market
2.3.3 Prediction on Development of USA PV Market
2.4 Japanese PV Market
2.4.1 Development Course of Policies on Japanese PV Market
2.4.2 Status Quo of Japanese PV Market
2.4.3 Prediction on Development of Japanese PV Market
2.5 South Korean PV Market
2.5.1 Development Course of Policies on South Korean PV Market
2.5.2 Status Quo of South Korean PV Market
2.6 Spanish PV Market
2.6.1 Development Course of Policies on Spanish PV Market
2.6.2 Status Quo of Spanish PV Market
2.7 French PV Market
2.7.1 Development Course of Policies on French PV Market
2.7.2 Status Quo of French PV Market
2.7.3 Prediction on Development of French PV Market
2.8 Portuguese PV Market
2.8.1 Development Course of Policies on Portuguese PV Market
2.8.2 Status Quo of Portuguese PV Market
2.9 Australian PV Market
2.9.1 Development Course of Policies on Australian PV Market
2.9.2 Status Quo of Australian PV Market
2.9.3 Prediction on Development of Australian PV Market
2.10 Czech PV Market
2.10.1 Development Course of Policies on Czech PV Market
2.10.2 Status Quo of Czech PV Market
2.11 Canadian PV Market
2.11.1 Development Course of Policies on Canadian PV Market
2.11.2 Status Quo of Canadian PV Market
2.12 Indian PV Market
2.12.1 Development Course of Policies on Indian PV Market
2.12.2 Status Quo of Indian PV Market

3 Analysis of Chinese Solar Cell Market, 2009-2012
3.1 Analysis and Prediction on Supply in Chinese Solar Cell Industry
3.1.1 Total Supply
3.1.2 Supply Structure
3.1.3 Prediction on Supply
3.2 Analysis and Prediction on Demand in Chinese Solar Cell Industry, 2009-2012
3.2.1 Total Demand
3.2.2 Demand Structure
3.2.3 Prediction on Demand
3.3 Analysis and Prediction on Export and Import of Solar Cells in China, 2009-2012
3.3.1 Analysis and Prediction on Export
3.3.2 Analysis and Prediction on Import

4 Analysis on Major Solar Cell Producers in China and the World, 2009-2010
4.1 First Solar
4.1.1 Overview
4.1.2 Operation
4.1.3 Competitiveness
4.2 LDK Solar Co., Ltd
4.2.1 Overview
4.2.2 Operation
4.2.3 Competitiveness
4.3 Suntech Power Holdings Co., Ltd
4.3.1 Overview
4.3.2 Operation
4.3.3 Competitiveness
4.4 Sharp Corporation
4.4.1 Overview
4.4.2 Operation
4.4.3 Competitiveness
4.5 Q-Cells
4.5.1 Overview
4.5.2 Operation
4.5.3 Competitiveness
4.6 Jetion Solar Holdings Limited
4.6.1 Overview
4.6.2 Operation
4.6.3 Competitiveness
4.7 Trina Solar Limited
4.7.1 Overview
4.7.2 Operation
4.7.3 Competitiveness
4.8 China Sunergy Co., Ltd
4.8.1 Overview
4.8.2 Operation
4.8.3 Competitiveness
4.8.4 SWOT Analysis
4.9 Canadian Solar Inc.
4.9.1 Overview
4.9.2 Operation
4.9.3 Competitiveness
4.10 Zhejiang Yuhui Solar Energy Source Co., Ltd
4.10.1 Overview
4.10.2 Operation
4.10.3 Competitiveness
4.11 Jiangsu Linyang Solarfun Co., Ltd
4.11.1 Overview
4.11.2 Operation
4.11.3 Competitiveness
4.12 JA Solar Holdings Co., Ltd
4.12.1 Overview
4.12.2 Operation
4.12.3 Competitiveness
4.13 Yingli Green Energy

12 Chinese Herbs Such As Garlic Antibacterial Experiment – Chinese Herbal Medicine – Pharmaceutical

Garlic is one of the important condiments diet, stomach open with food, improve digestion function, and its pungent ingredient allicin on a variety of pathogenic bacteria and fungi in deep infection [1,2], in the poultry and aquaculture culture can play in terms of animal health and disease prevention to promote the growth of [3,4]; In addition, there is garlic good antioxidant, can be added to extend the shelf life of edible oil [5]; in disease prevention, Regular consumption of garlic can improve the oxidation resistance of plasma and red blood cells [6], and can lower blood pressure, prevent atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease [7,8]; Garlic can also inhibit colon cancer cell growth [9], can also inhibit the nitrate reduction and nitrite synthesis of bacteria to prevent the occurrence of gastric cancer [10]; addition to allicin, the garlic also contains polysaccharides and other health-care component of garlic, Ginkgo biloba can be made of natural health beverage [11, 12]. Pepper is also an important day seasoning, there to promote appetite and maintaining balance of normal flora in digestive tract function; capsaicin on the E. coli, yeast and other pathogens are inhibited [13,14]. Allicin in garlic and pepper in a bacteriostatic effect of capsaicin, this does not rule out the garlic, hot pepper in the presence of other antibacterial ingredients, not entirely representative of their antibacterial activity. The experiment on decoction of pepper and garlic alcohol preparation to study the antibacterial properties, in order to improve both health-care antimicrobial properties of spices. Cork, dandelion and other common herbs used in the treatment of microbial diseases, disease control can be used as feed Additive , But they are common pathogens and antimicrobial concentrations of the antimicrobial spectrum is not clear, limited in their Medicine And feed additives in the application. Here, we explore the garlic, pepper, 12 kinds of medicinal Cork Plant Extract E. coli, paratyphoid Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and other common pathogens of the antibacterial spectrum and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), hope for their medicinal use and scientific basis for production applications.

1 Materials and equipment 1.1 and medium strain of E. coli, paratyphoid Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis-based laboratory retention; E. coli, paratyphoid Salmonella and Bacillus subtilis as nutrient agar medium No.3, Staphylococcus aureus Staphylococcus medium 110 agar and nutrient agar No.3.

1.2 devices Vertical Flow Clean Benches, DH3600A type electric constant temperature incubator, portable high-pressure autoclaves, 2D-85-type constant temperature oscillators, TU-1800 UV visible spectrophotometer, ZD-85-type temperature swing bed, AB204-S Basic Electronic Of days equal.

1.3 and pepper garlic herbs purchased from the farmers market, other herbs were purchased from Traditional Chinese medicine Shop.

2 Methods 2.1 allicin Extract Preparation of the peeled garlic mashed 100g small study, ethanol extraction, volatile extract was concentrated to 200ml, get 50% of garlic extracts, and twice with ethanol dilution series.

2.2 pepper, Cork and other herbal extracts prepared by decoction of Chinese herbs class crushing screening, for dry matter content (DMC) determination; the herbal powder 50g (dry weight in total) decoction preparation and concentration to 100ml, extract concentration of 50%, water do double series dilution. Antimicrobial susceptibility test disk

2.3 [15] to 6mm diameter filter paper in the herbal extracts in different concentration gradient soaked and dried, put the amount of bacteria coated with specific sub-area flat-panel, 37 overnight After the training records of all the herbal extract dilution antimicrobial gradient on the situation of several pathogens, recorded inhibition zone diameter and minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), the qualitative and quantitative inhibition experiments were repeated 3 times.

2.4 media on the antibacterial effect of herbal Staphylococcus aureus were coated on nutrient agar agar 110 No.3 and Staphylococcus to antimicrobial susceptibility disk diffusion method to observe the Chinese herbal preparation on the two medium inhibitory effect of Staphylococcus aureus.

2.5 coating coated bacteria to determine bacteria levels in the production of 10-fold diluted liquid gradient series, to plate coating concentration of bacteria coating method.

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New Chinese ?Stealth’ Fighter Plane Sighted

Chinese state media on Wednesday reported on pictures that have been in circulation online apparently depicting a prototype of the Chengdu J-20, China’s first stealth fighter, performing high-speed taxi tests.

The photos look to be shot from near the Chengdu Aircraft Design Institute, but the identity of the original photographer and his motives remain unknown. The report in the Global Times did not confirm the existence of the photos or their authenticity.

Defense analysts believe that it is the first glimpse of China’s answer to the U.S. Air Force’s F-22 fighter, a plane that is currently on combat missions in Afghanistan and can avoid detection by radar. The J-20, while not as agile as its American counterpart, is bigger and boasts a larger weapon bay. The plane is a mix of Chinese and Russian technology, with Russia having supplied 32,000-pound thrust 117S engines for use by the aircraft.

The photos, if authentic, present an impressive step forward for the Chinese air force. The problem with China’s military capability used to be its lack of long-range power projection capabilities. This aircraft, in conjunction with the surfacing of reports that China’s first aircraft carrier is near completion, may overturn those earlier assertions.

Liu Xiaoming, China’s ambassador to the United Kingdom, told The Guardian that his country harbored no such desire to compete with the United States militarily.

“We do not see ourselves as rivals to the United States. We believe the U.S. and China can work together in the region,” Liu said.

“When China carries out an exercise on its own territory there is a lot of attention, but when the United States comes all the way across the Pacific for exercises with its allies, no one speaks about it in the same way. There is a cold war mentality still. If you develop your defense capability, they [the Americans] are annoyed. But our defense construction is purely for self-defense. China’s defense expenditure is still the lowest among the five permanent members of the [UN] security council,” he added.

The United States has remained tightlipped over the issue.

Chinese President Hu Jintao is due to meet with U.S. President Barack Obama in two weeks, while U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates visits China this Sunday.

This article was written by the China business and political blog, was founded by Chris Devonshire-Ellis, who also founded the China business news site,

Chinese Lanterns ? beauty for eyes, threat for planes

In a recent and exclusive report on menmedia (Chinese lanterns ‘could bring down a jet), the possibility and threat posed by the Chinese Lantern festival is discussed. It is stated in the article that Chinese Lanterns has a potential impact on flights to Beijing, China and other city airports as the flying and lighted balloons can possibility become a means to mislead, confuse or distract the Pilots. Also, if any such object happens to get sucked into the plane engine, the consequences can be worse.

As part of the ancient festival these lanterns are tools to drive away evil spirits. According to ancient Chinese legends, on the night of the new year’s first full moon, evil spirits gather together and can harm the inhabitants unless they are chased away with scary looking or bright lanterns. On the night of New Year’s moon, nowadays the festival has now become an entertainment and get-together opportunity for the whole town. Every wants their lanterns to be the best looking, bright and big. Lantern decorating contests add to the fun of this event. The festival brings joy for all young and old alike and also is a great opportunity for photographers and travelers looking to uncover the beauty of Chinese Culture. At this occasion, streets are lit out with thousands of revelers carrying elaborate lanterns many of which resemble the faces of animals and celebrities. The festival has huge rate of participation both locally, regionally and internationally.

However, authorities are concerned worldwide about the possible threat these Lanterns can pose to air traffic. From Olympic 2008, onwards China has been climbing up on the leader of popular tourist destination and there is hundreds of Flights to Beijing from round the globe each week. Apart from the capital city in China, Flights to Guangzhou, the business district is also flying at a similar rate.

Other cities in China where this festival is celebrated include Shenzhen, the port city as well as Shanghai, a popular tourist destination. The festival is also celebrated in villages, towns and smaller cities however flights to the above mentioned cities are increasing at large as new airlines and new flights to China are also on the rise.

Manchester Airport has given warning about the possible threat the festival may pose to flights to China. Whereas other countries including Germany and Austria have already banned the activity.

The lanterns that can be bought in less than 2 GBP are made of paper, wire and a flame, resembling a hot-air balloon structure. They can fly over a mile above into the sky; however the exact impact or distance that can be covered by such lantern is unpredictable. . 

Also the lanterns effect on wildlife and environment is equally threatening. The Government authorities are insuring airport security and have banned the use of powerful fireworks by people living near the airport.

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