Get Started on Your Dream of Flying an Aircraft by Using Remote Control Helicopters

People who once spent their childhood dreaming of one day flying an aircraft can now take up this hobby.  They can start with the easily affordable remote control helicopters.  One does not need to be a flight engineer, or a pilot to do this as children and adults alike are now turning to these fun stuff to get their thrills in life.  Anyone wondering why the sales of these gadgets are shooting up to the roof, this is the answer.  The hobby aircrafts come in all sizes to suit the needs of individuals.  In fact, some are small enough to be held by one hand, but there are also the larger sizes.  They can run on gas or nitro, and there are those that use electricity to recharge their batteries. 

The large, remote control helicopters that used to be run on nitro gas have modified parts that are now using electric powered motors.  The gas used to produce a nasty smell and noisy sound, but now the recent modifications have ensured that the aircraft can fly around the neighborhood without causing a nuisance to the neighbors.  There has been a lot of work going on towards reinventing these fun gadgets.  In fact, most of the original parts of the old names have improved to provide more convenience and greater maneuverability when flying these kits.

For example, the technology used in producing the radio controlled machines has adjustments to incorporate coaxial design that is suitable for beginners.  The modification provides for easy flying techniques.  The helicopter had become more stable than it used to be when it had one rotor design that consisted of a tail rotor.  The modification in the current remote control helicopters involves a coaxial firm rotor that has firm, pitch blades and one swash-plate. They control the cyclic pitch of the bottom rotor blade.  Then the rotor blade that takes its position on the upper side is not mechanically controllable.  It only stabilizes through inertia by using a set of counterweights, or a fly-bar.  This mechanism works perfectly by the fact that the overall pitch mechanism obtained on both rotors, on two different motors applied.  The result is the differential change of speed between the two motors. 

This design of remote control helicopters does away with the complexity that used to be a single swash-plate and no collective pitch style was in place.  The design is practical and suitable for the production of the machines on mass for commercial purposes.  Another advantage of using this system is for the relatively easier manner the product can be handled when in operation as the helicopter becomes easy to control.  The cons that have come up with this modification are several.  For example, this model with basic mechanical form of remote control helicopters has created a couple of limitations.  The limitations are in aerobatic ability and maneuverability due to greater risks of the blades colliding during stunts and difficult moves.  The pilot has no upper hand when trying to control the rotation of the upper blades as he can with the lower ones that are directly controllable by him.

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Of Intelligent Optical Network Control Plane Technology – Smart, Optical Network, Control Plane – Hc

In the optical networking industry, higher frequency of the current word is intelligent optical networks, intelligent optical network primarily follows the ASON (AutomaticSwitchedOpticalNetwork), or GMPLS (GeneralizedMultiprotocol Label Switching).

Intelligent optical network with GMPLS / ASON technology start highlighting the scale, we began to realize that transmission network construction and development not only includes delivery of hardware technology, unified network management transmission networks, transmission networks for unified control of the network construction and equipment of the other two dimensions of technological development. Network management and transmission of essentially simultaneous development of hardware technology, there are network management requirements, network management, relatively mature, but the early 21st century the rise of the control plane technology has just started late. This article will focus on the development of control plane technology.

Intelligent Optical Network Control Plane of the main features include three parts: automatic discovery, routing and connection control. Automatic topology discovery of resources and makes the network easier to expansion or upgrading, but also easy to maintain and manage; also based on routing and connection control functions, each with the transmission of control plane node, will be free to realize the establishment of business connections or removed; occur in the network failure when the control plane can be re-routed, resulting in the Internet without special protection for the reserved bandwidth of each business can avoid the trouble spots to re-establish the connection, thus improving network bandwidth utilization. In addition, the combination of protection and restoration, optical networks can provide a wealth of operational conservation, based on the reliability of different business requirements, can choose different ways to protect or restore. Current network operation GMPLS / ASON control plane, and the corresponding transmission plane by the SDH / SONET equipment, composition, and the GMPLS / ASON and SDH / SONET optical network enables the combination of reliability was improved, and received more and more widely application.

Transmission technology with each passing day. As more and more abundant types of business, group business bandwidth consumption increasing proportion of the business is also growing particles. In a group dominated era, everyone’s attention focused on CarrierEthernet and wavelength division on data services that require true color and high-capacity transmission. Originally designed for the voice carrying SDH / SONET equipment in the future seems increasingly bleak, which was questioned: ASON have a future? GMPLS / ASON control plane is not just rely on SDH / SONET equipment, ITU-T ASON standards applicable to the definition of SDH systems and OTN. Similarly, the automatic discovery, routing and connection control to bring the value of transmission networks also applies to CarrierEthernet equipment.

Large size businesses on the WDM transmission capacity of node traffic grooming challenge. In recent years, ROADM (ReconfigurableOpticalAdd-DropMultiplexer) technology has gained a definite breakthrough, WSS and other technical solutions based on MEMS optical wavelength can be re-assigned problem, which to some extent, to achieve flexible wavelength down and penetrating. The industry has been launched with several manufacturers of optical layer properties can be re-equipped with WDM systems. Moreover, the OTN nodes on WDM in the definition, end to end management, have the advantage, therefore, OTN has become a hot topic, began to appear in commercial transmission equipment. Followed by a pair of wavelength / sub-wavelength dynamic control requirements?? As ASON is to the SDH / SONET, ADM equipment. WDM equipment ASON / GMPLS control plane infrastructure functions shall include: network resources (network elements, fiber optic, link, time slot, etc.) automatic discovery, automatic network topology discovery; optical wavelength sub-wavelength operation and rapid delivery of business clicks, light layer of wavelength-level business protection and restoration, layer sub-wavelength level protection, restoration, and the combination of protection and restoration of other basic functions. However, the wave subsystems to achieve GMPLS / ASON control plane’s difficult to be much larger than SDH / SONET control plane, control plane need to be considered due to light some of the optical layer constraints, such as power, dispersion, letters to noise ratio and so on; and if we consider OTN The ODU1/ODU2 cross-particles, and the coexistence of OTN and ROADM, then the control plane must involve multi-layer control problems, bringing even more complicated. GMPLS / ASON control plane used in WDM system is an inevitable trend, some large foreign operating business has released a number of white paper or a joint request for proposals RFP, which clearly put forward based on WDM’s GMPLS / ASON control plane of ideas or needs , several manufacturers have announced support for WDM-based GMPLS / ASON control plane, it has not yet commercially proven.

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The Locus of Control Theory

The Locus of Control Theory postulates that every human being has a “place”- the locus where he/she feels the control of his/her life rests; this place or locus of control can either be internal or external; and it is this position that creatively determines how much “in control” an individual feels about his/her life. 

People with an internal locus generally feel that they have control over their lives and circumstances; they take initiative and seek to positively change their lives. Individuals with an external locus feel that their lives are controlled by circumstances; they feel dis-empowered to do anything about their lives leaving everything to “fate”. 

These people may come from the same family; may have the same jobs and live in the same community – but with two different sets of beliefs. If I asked you which of the two groups would be happiest in life, you certainly wouldn’t have to think long and hard to give an answer. People with an internal locus of control are generally the happiest in life; even in the midst of negativity, they still feel they are in control and that they have within them the ability to make the change. The ones with an external locus of control easily succumb to feelings of helplessness in times of difficulty; they are generally the most miserable in society. 

All this is in accordance with the Law of Control that Brian Tracy talks about in his book entitled Million Dollar Habits. This Law states that “you feel happy to the degree to which you feel in control of your life; you feel unhappy to the degree to which you feel you are not in control of your life.” Your levels of confidence will therefore be largely determined by how much you feel in control of your life and everything happening to you. 

In view of the above, where do you think the locus of control lies in your life? Do you feel that you are in control of your life? Or do you think that you are just a pawn in the hands of fate? Conduct an honest self assessment; to which group do you think you belong? – Internal locus of control? Or is it External? One of the indicators you would want to use is checking the level at which you employ your initiative. Are you the kind that takes initiative or are you always waiting for instruction? Are you the happiest around even in times of difficulty? How often do you have the depressing feelings helplessness? 

There are tools on the Internet that can also help you find out your locus of control. I will not recommend any; seek and you will find. 

I remember the last time I did a Locus of Control test on the Internet; the result was 50 on a scale of 1 to 100; with 1 being the most external and 100 being the most internal. I am not so sure how scientific this test was; it involved honestly answering a list of questions about life; they are no right or wrong answers with such tests; you just answer them as honestly as possible. After the test, I got a report showing my score and what it meant in terms of my locus of control. I was amazed at its accuracy. It was like a window into my mind showing me even the most flirting thought patterns and beliefs. 

What do you think is the best locus of control- is it external or internal? For me an internal locus of control seems empowering. Anything that empowers you is best is best for you; anything that weakens you is probably not good for you. 

I honestly believe that God designed us to have an Internal Locus of Control. The Bible talks so much about the Kingdom of God being in the inside of each one of us. It also talks about how that God has put “eternity in the hearts of men.” In another place, it is written “He who is inside of us is greater that He who is in the world.” 

What do you think?

Christopher Kabamba is an IT professional with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Computer Science from the Copperbelt University, Zambia. He is a student of personal growth and development. He desires to take up a professional career as an Author, Public Speaker and Life Coach. He documents some of his thoughts on Personal Growth and Development on his blog: http://kabamba.wordpress.com

The Theory of Control Charts

A process is the value-added transformation of inputs to outputs. The inputs and outputs of a process can involve machines, materials, methods, measurement, people, and the environment. Each of the inputs is a source of variability. Variability in the output can result in poor service and poor product quality, both of which often decrease customer satisfaction. Control charts, developed by Walter Shewhart in the 1920s, are commonly used statistical tools for monitoring and improving processes. A control chart analyzes a process in which data are collected sequentially over time. You use a control chart to study past performance, to evaluate present conditions, or to predict future outcomes. You use control charts at the beginning of quality improvement efforts to study an existing process (such charts are called Phase 1 control charts).

Information gained from analyzing Phase 1 control charts forms the basis for process improvement. After improvements to the process are implemented, you then use control charts to monitor the processes to ensure that the improvements continue (these charts are called Phase 2 control charts). Different types of control charts allow you to analyze different types of critical-to-quality variables—for categorical variables, such as the proportion of hotel rooms that are nonconforming in terms of the availability of amenities and the working order of all appliances in the room; for discrete variables such as the number of hotel guests registering complaints in a week; and for continuous variables, such as the length of time required for delivering luggage to the room. In addition to providing a visual display of data representing a process, a principal focus of a control chart is the attempt to separate special causes of variation from common causes of variation.

Special causes of variation represent large fluctuations or patterns in data that are not part of a process. These fluctuations are often caused by unusual events and represent either problems to correct or opportunities to exploit. Some organizations refer to special causes of variation as assignable causes of variation. Common causes of variation represent the inherent variability that exists in a process. These fluctuations consist of the numerous small causes of variability that operate randomly or by chance. Some organizations refer to common causes of variation as chance causes of variation.

Control charts allow you to monitor a process and identify the presence or absence of special causes. By doing so, control charts help prevent two types of errors. The first type of error involves the belief that an observed value represents special cause variation when it is due to the common cause variation of the process. Treating common cause variation as special cause variation often results in over adjusting a process. This over adjustment, known as tampering, increases the variation in the process. The second type of error involves treating special cause variation as common cause variation. This error results in not taking immediate corrective action when necessary. Although both of these types of errors can occur even when using a control chart, they are far less likely.

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Remote Control Aircrafts Are Naturally Fascinating to Children of All Ages

What happens when you’re standing outside with your little one, and you hear the whistling sound of jet engines overhead? Isn’t your attention suddenly drawn to your child as they point toward the sky, jump up and down, and excitedly yell “airplane, airplane?”

Nothing compares to the look of utter captivation on every youth’s face when they spot an aircraft flying across that blue expanse above them.

My grandson never tires of telling me how he went up for a demonstration flight at the county fair one day. It was his first airplane ride, and one that he’ll always maintain as part of his most favorite memories. After the plane leveled out the pilot handed the controls over to my grandson, and let him fly the aircraft for a while. He set his mind before this day to become a pilot as an adult, and I know he’ll always cherish flying that airplane at the age of four (I think) as a major event.

Kids start deciding their adult career choices at an early age. Of course, those choices change many times through their years from youth to adulthood, at least they do for most kids. I know in my youth, I had four or five different job choices before my fourteenth birthday.

As adults we have the responsibility to help them make those smart choices by guiding them into awareness of what results they face from the choices they make. One way to provide that guidance is to give them a taste of what they say, or think, they want as goals for later in life.

If your child decides on flying as a career choice, why not give her or him a remote control aircraft, and let them learn how to fly right then.

Start with an RC trainer because crashes are normal when beginners take to the air. Then, once they learn control of the aircraft, let them sample different types of model aircraft to see which branch of the flying career they’ll pursue.

Plenty of radio control aircraft vehicles line up for those sampling opportunities:

Cessna type single and dual motor airplanes for vacation flying, tour pilot, crop dusting, and corporate pilot jobs.
Jets used for corporate business trips, and many other transportation reasons.
Commercial models for transporting passengers on trips for pleasure and business.
Helicopters for sightseeing, corporate, rescue, and medical transport. Helicopters are probably the most difficult RC aircraft models to fly, and take hours of practice to skillfully control.
Military aircraft including turbo-prop airplanes of many types, jet planes, and helicopters for missions of war and humanitarian operations.

Those RC aircraft will fascinate your children beyond imagination, and they’ll be intrigued for hours just flying them around.

When your child has her or his mind set on becoming a pilot, and you give them a remote control aircraft for those initial flight-learning experiences, how thrilled will you make them?

How many “I love yous” does something like that get you?

Joseph Jackson provides information for learning and pleasure to help improve his reader’s quality of life.