Most Dangerous Airlines To Avoid

Next time, when you decide to travel by airlines across the continents, consider the safety announcement if you choose one of the dangerous airlines below.

 

The top selection of most dangerous airlines in the world has been drawn out based on the safety records of different air carriers: the proportion of number of fatalities over number of flights made.

 

1 – Cubana Airlines

Completed flights: 320,000

Fatal accidents: 8

Deaths: 404

 

The “champion” is Cubana Airlines, with only 320,000 flight made, it had 8 fatal accidents, mostly due to technical and safety problems.

 

2 – Iran Air

Completed flights: 970,000

Fatal accidents: 5

Deaths: 708

 

Iran Air has been banned from EU due to safety concerns. During the last 20 years, it has made 6 accidents, with the worst one in 1988, lost 300 lives

 

3 – Kenya Airways

Completed flights: 450,000

Fatal accidents: 2

Deaths: 283

 

Operating since 1977, Kenya Airways already made two fatal accidents, one with 169 people killed and another with 114.

 

4 – Egyptair

Completed flights: 1.07 million

Fatal accidents: 4

Deaths: 402

 

Egyptair is the largest airline in Africa, flies to 70 destinations worldwide. By far, the worst accident was the crash into Atlantic Ocean, killing all 217 people on board

 

5 – Pakistan International Airlines

Completed flights: 1.43 million

Fatal accidents: 5

Deaths: 440

 

Although this company was one of the biggest carrier in Asia and the first Asian carrier to use jet aircraft. It still suffered from fatal accidents, and its worst fatalities is when the pilots failed to see the mountainous terrain in front of them in time, killing 167 people.

 

6 – Avianca

Completed flights: 1.47 million

Fatal accidents: 4

Deaths: 500

 

Flying since 1919, Avianca has the longest continuous history in aviation. People remembered it not only because of the most modern fleets in South America but also many the bomb exposure and crash in the 1980s.

 

7 – Thai Airways

Completed flights: 1.98 million

Fatal accidents: 4

Deaths: 352

 

Winning the award “Best Airline in the World” in 2006, Thai Airways, however, had a dangerous history. In 1992, a flight from Katmandu crashed and killed 113 people

 

 

Related links:

The Quantity of Air Travel Crash Inceases Now

Basic Airline Travel Safety Tips

Airline Problems – You Can’t Avoid Them

In-flight Airline Travel Rules

My favourite is traveling. I love to write about beautiful destinations and tourism events.

Right tyres for dangerous slush planing

From all the hard conditions the car driver can get, slush planing is probably one of the most dangerous driving situations. More than 95 percent of drivers would like to get tyres that provide safer driving experience on slush – for the ice, the percentage was 81, just to compare.

Slush planing is held dangerous because on that, the winter tyre (in Swedish: vinterdäck) loses contact with the road and there is no way to steer the car anymore. On slush the risk of fatal accidents is 4.9 times higher than on dry roads, as a study of Tampere University of Technology proves.

There are winter tyres optimized for slush, for example Nokian WR G2. For more than 15 years the tyre manufacturer Nokian Tyres has carried out slush planing tests. They own a special testing center for slush planing, where thousands of test with different tyres are carried out every year.

But it is not only the manufacturer that runs the test: car organizations and car magazine run and publish independent tyres test every year. In these tests the Nokian WR G2 was for example mentioned be recommendable, good on snow and quite good on ice, too. These were the ratings from ADAC, the German consumer organisation Stiftung Warentest and leading German car magazines.

The low rolling resistance of the tyre (in Swedish: däck) was also praised. This feature significantly saves fuel; according to the manufacturer, the car driver can reduce his fuel consumption by half a litre of fuel per 100 kilometers with this tyre. This is 300 euros less over a normal driving distance of 40,000 kilometers.

Additionally, Nokian WR G2 is produced without ecologically harmful high-aromatic oils. Nokian Tyres was the world’s first tyre manufacturer to start using only purified, low aromatic oils in its products. Being ecological does not mean that one should be less safe or expensive to drive!

For more information in Swedish, please visit: http://www.nokiantyres.se

Finding Solutions To Dangerous Aircraft Vibrations

It is generally agreed that less vibration is better than more vibration. It makes the simplest and most basic sense. Some vibrations are believed to occur because drive-train components (such as the driveshaft, rotor blades, gearboxes, etc) are balanced independently at the manufacturer level and when assembled on to the aircraft, the entire drive-train is not balanced as “one unit”. Therefore, vibrations travel along the entire aircraft drive-train and fuselage and transmitted to different areas, and it is this belief that has propelled Shake’d Technologies, Inc., a New-York based company specializing in the development of advanced rotary wing innovations, to find a solution. The company developed Customized Dynamic Balancing (CDB), which unlike other methods, approaches the entire aircraft vibration analysis as a whole, rather than by its inter-dependent parts. According to company CEO Eli Navon, “The unique process efficiently and immediately identifies the root cause of vibration problem and provide with a dynamic solution to fix it.

According to Eli Navon, the CDB technology was developed to specifically eliminate the damaging effects of inherent drive-train vibrations, using a proprietary set of algorithms the system analyze the vibration data to determine a specific solution for each individual aircraft. In this way, each drive-train is custom-balanced within its own vibration profile using the solution given.

“The tuning process relies on accelerometers temporarily placed in designated locations along the drive-train that measure vibration levels and other required data. The aircraft is then run on the ground as measurements are taken. The computer analyzes the gathered information, calculates a solution, and displays it to the technician. The technician follows the solution instructions and performs the adjustments to the drive-train,” Navon continues “As soon as the necessary solutions are applied, a verification run is performed to confirm the immediate reduction in vibration. Then, the sensors are removed and the aircraft is returned to service. The entire process takes an average of two hours for the initial run. Subsequent runs could take as little as 30 minutes.” He says that depending on the helicopter platform, CDB recommends the users to apply the solution every 200 flight hours to ensure constant operation with minimal vibration levels.

The balancing process is best done during a ground run because the vibration data transmitted through the aircraft drive-train during ground run gives a much more precise vibration profile, eliminating the differences of changing torque loads on the drive-train components in flight. Navon says,. “torque loads transmitted while airborne are constantly changing due to flight conditions, which greatly affect vibration levels and distort the measured vibration, resulting in a misleading picture of the actual vibration profile,” he explains.

“These types of programs support the Condition Based Maintenance (CBM) concept by providing Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability (RAM) data that supports predictive maintenance practices based on actual conditions of dynamic components vs unscheduled maintenance. Navon says, CDB is very useful in identifying and troubleshooting failures beyond the drive-train, it also avoids the costly ‘guesswork’ incurred by maintainers who waste time and money trying to find the root source of a particular problem”. Maj. Gen. (Ret.) Eitan Ben Eliyahu, former Commander of the Israeli Air Force (IAF), and an aviator for 38 years attests, who is a strong supporter of the program.

“This unique technology includes main rotor track and balance during ground run, so that the aircraft can be serviceable after only one test flight in the air,” Navon said. “Additionally, the solution is able to examine the health condition of each gear mesh in all gearboxes and report unusual behavior to the user. By immediately reducing vibration in the drive train, and periodically checking and re-balancing the aircraft as required, the aircraft can achieve and maintain a minimum vibration profile over its life,” Eli Navon said.

Experimental test pilots who have flown an Apache aircraft immediately after applying CDB said “it has made an obvious difference, not only are the vibrations way down, the noise in the cockpit is quieter”.

Eli Navon points another important attribute of the CDB is its ability to integrate (in full or in part) with other health and usage monitoring systems. Since the critical part of the CDB system is software, integration efforts would mostly involve software integration engineering. Collected data can be passed to the CDB system via a digital storage device (digi-stick), or other similar means, and loaded into the technician’s computer for processing and balancing solution

CDB has been utilized by an international fleet of rotary wing aircraft for over three years now. According to Navon, test pilots are impressed, saying that applying the solution has made an obvious difference in their aircraft. Today, Shake’d Technologies says that the solution is fully developed and proven to be very effective in reducing costs and increasing aircraft availability, safety, mission readiness and logistics supportability.

ELI NAVON is a businessman whose involvement extends throughout the defense, aviation technologies and real estate Industries. seven years ago, he entered the defense industry and since then, he has worked on many successful projects. Navon’s contribution to defense industry spans from United state to Euorpe and the Israeli defense market place. Eli Navon is known for his business acumen, penchant for detail and perfection, as well as a disciplined approach for business, management and finance. His trained vision for new opportunities has lead to numerous successful projects. Eli Navon served in the Israeli Defense Force (IDF) and is a successful 3rd generation entrepreneur.

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