10 Tips On Flying Over Christmas


If youre planning on flying over the festive season here are some top tips on how to make it a merry experience instead of a stressful one!

1. Book your flights, and fast
So if you havent yet booked your flight then hurry up! Flights over the festive season get booked up fast.

2.Avoid Busiest Days
The busiest days to fly over Christmas are actually a day or so before, and then a couple of days after. Quieter days to travel are usually Christmas Day most people want to be celebrating the day instead of being on a flight or stuck at an airport.

3.Cheaper Flights
As many people want to fly before or straight after Christmas Day it means that often flights are a little bit cheaper on Christmas Day as they arent quite so popular as the days running up to the big day or straight after. So if you want to save a bit of money and dont mind flying on Christmas Day then its worth looking at this day to travel on.

4.E-Check-In
If your airline allows, then save some queuing time and print out your boarding passes and check-in online. Airports are extremely busy over the festive season so if you can do this at home you can enjoy the airports facilities; have a meal and a drink perhaps, before your flight, rather than being stuck in a queue for hours!

5.Hand Luggage
To avoid delays once youve landed at your destination, if you can avoid taking main hold luggage. See if you can travel with just hand luggage. If youre staying with friends and family see if they can provide certain large and heavy items, like towels and toiletries, so you simply travel with essential clothing and such like in your hand luggage.

6.Public Transport
Dont forget, if youre getting to the airport by public transport then make sure you take a look at the revised Christmas schedule public transport schedules are often changed, with services being scaled down on public bank holidays! Just take a moment to check out the latest timetable so you arent caught out! Also, if youre getting a taxi then make sure you pre-book it, dont leave it until the day! Again, the demand for taxis is far higher over the festive period. Or better still, pre-book airport car parking its cheaper and more convenient for most travellers!

7.Bad Weather
Chances are this year that most of the country could well suffer some adverse weather conditions. If bad weather is forecast in your region then make sure you keep an eye on what the airports policy is, and also the airline you are travelling with. Check a few days before you travel and then again before you leave for the airport. It might be you are advised to get to the airport earlier, or later if your flight has been cancelled or delayed. You can find this information out online, or by phone, but be warned that the phone lines will be busy and you could struggle to get through.

8.Packing Presents
If youre flying off to spend Christmas with family or friends then the chances are you will be travelling with presents. Where possible pack them in your main hold luggage. If you pack them in your hand luggage pack them unwrapped, or you could risk having to unwrap them at security. And also, be aware that the liquid limit of 100ml still applies, so for example, if youre travelling with perfume or aftershaves you can only carry them in your hand luggage if they are smaller bottles, and youll also need to have them clearly visible dont wrap them up as you will be forced to unwrap them.

9.Party Items
If youre away in a chalet for Christmas for example, and are taking things with you to help celebrate Christmas and New Year with a bang, please be aware that crackers and party poppers and such like are considered explosives and are therefore banned from all aircraft. Do not pack then in your luggage at all!

10.Pack Snacks
As previously mentioned, the airport is going to be busy. That means the queues for light refreshments and restaurant tables are going to be long. Therefore do pack a few snacks in your hand luggage for when you get peckish. This tip is especially prudent if youre travelling with children!

Michelle Blackmore is an experienced traveller and contributor to the Gatwick meet and greet parking website site Help Me Park. For the ultimate, hassle-free way to travel this Christmas book your http://www.help-me-park.co.uk> Gatwick valet parking online.

More Songs About Flying Articles

Top Travel Destinations Over Time

When many people travel, they try to learn about the history of the destination area. Learning the history of the early days and how the early settlers came from the old world to the new world is a fun educational experience. Traveling to ‘old’ and ‘new’ world destinations to learn how settlers and regions flourished is a great way to spend a vacation. If you are a history buff interested in taking a vacation into the past, below you will find a list of the top travel destinations over time:

New England / England: There are six states that make up historical New England. Some of the earliest European settlements in North America were established in New England. When visiting the region, you will view some of the oldest cities and historical sites such as the historic Plymouth Rock. You will also get to experience old England’s history in New England’s sites and architecture such as Boston College

New York / York: As one of the oldest and majestic cities in the US, New York is one of the most famous cities in the world. New York gets its name from a Yorkshire city. The two river cities, the Hudson and the Ouse, offer such cultural attractions as the Yorkshire Museum, Cathedral of St John the Divine, Carnegie Hall, Theatre Royal, The Met, and York Minster.

New Amsterdam / Amsterdam: In 1626, the settlement of New Amsterdam was established at the mouth of the Hudson River. A 17th century Dutch colonial settlement, many sites contain anglicised versions of Dutch words. For example, Coney Island was derived from “Konijn Eiland” (Rabbit Island) because of the once plentiful supply of animals. New Amsterdam is also an example of the beauty of multiculturalism.

New Jersey / Jersey: Over a century ago, Jersey Shore’s Atlantic City was a fashionable resort. It now consists of piers and a boardwalk that contain wonderful amusements. There is a distinct Anglo-French cultural blend of the Channel Islands. New Jersey reflects its own unique charm.

Nova Scotia / Scotland: Derived from the word ‘New Scotland,’ Nova Scotia’s Scottish heritage runs deep in the province. It has been documented as the first Scottish settlement in the Americas. It still has about 2,000 Gaelic speakers. As well, the region has its own provincial tartan which is recognized by Scotland. There is much to see and do in Nova Scotia.

New Brunswick / Brunswick: The “old” Brunswick is located in Lower Saxony, Germany. New Brunswick is the largest Maritime province. It received its name in 1784 in honour of King George III, the Duke of Brunswick. Its famous attractions include lighthouses and covered-bridges.

Newfoundland: Newfoundland is one of the oldest settlements founded by Europeans.
The 16th century fishermen and whalers gave Newfoundland its name. Evidence has been found showing that Vikings settled in Newfoundland for a brief time around 1003AD. There is much history to explore in Newfoundland.

Traveling to ‘old’ and ‘new’ destinations is a great way to learn about the history of early settlers. There are so many places to visit, explore, and learn how settlers and regions evolved and flourished. Consider a historical destination for your next vacation. You will learn a lot while having a fantastic time making great memories.

Find cheap flights and compare ticket prices online at Cheapflights, providing the best selection and availability of cheap travel deals and last minute travel deals.

Top Travel Destinations Over Time


When many people travel, they try to learn about the history of the destination area. Learning the history of the early days and how the early settlers came from the old world to the new world is a fun educational experience. Traveling to ‘old’ and ‘new’ world destinations to learn how settlers and regions flourished is a great way to spend a vacation. If you are a history buff interested in taking a vacation into the past, below you will find a list of the top travel destinations over time:

New England / England: There are six states that make up historical New England. Some of the earliest European settlements in North America were established in New England. When visiting the region, you will view some of the oldest cities and historical sites such as the historic Plymouth Rock. You will also get to experience old England’s history in New England’s sites and architecture such as Boston College

New York / York: As one of the oldest and majestic cities in the US, New York is one of the most famous cities in the world. New York gets its name from a Yorkshire city. The two river cities, the Hudson and the Ouse, offer such cultural attractions as the Yorkshire Museum, Cathedral of St John the Divine, Carnegie Hall, Theatre Royal, The Met, and York Minster.

New Amsterdam / Amsterdam: In 1626, the settlement of New Amsterdam was established at the mouth of the Hudson River. A 17th century Dutch colonial settlement, many sites contain anglicised versions of Dutch words. For example, Coney Island was derived from “Konijn Eiland” (Rabbit Island) because of the once plentiful supply of animals. New Amsterdam is also an example of the beauty of multiculturalism.

New Jersey / Jersey: Over a century ago, Jersey Shore’s Atlantic City was a fashionable resort. It now consists of piers and a boardwalk that contain wonderful amusements. There is a distinct Anglo-French cultural blend of the Channel Islands. New Jersey reflects its own unique charm.

Nova Scotia / Scotland: Derived from the word ‘New Scotland,’ Nova Scotia’s Scottish heritage runs deep in the province. It has been documented as the first Scottish settlement in the Americas. It still has about 2,000 Gaelic speakers. As well, the region has its own provincial tartan which is recognized by Scotland. There is much to see and do in Nova Scotia.

New Brunswick / Brunswick: The “old” Brunswick is located in Lower Saxony, Germany. New Brunswick is the largest Maritime province. It received its name in 1784 in honour of King George III, the Duke of Brunswick. Its famous attractions include lighthouses and covered-bridges.

Newfoundland: Newfoundland is one of the oldest settlements founded by Europeans.
The 16th century fishermen and whalers gave Newfoundland its name. Evidence has been found showing that Vikings settled in Newfoundland for a brief time around 1003AD. There is much history to explore in Newfoundland.

Traveling to ‘old’ and ‘new’ destinations is a great way to learn about the history of early settlers. There are so many places to visit, explore, and learn how settlers and regions evolved and flourished. Consider a historical destination for your next vacation. You will learn a lot while having a fantastic time making great memories.

Find cheap flights and compare ticket prices online at Cheapflights, providing the best selection and availability of cheap travel deals and last minute travel deals.

Related Time Travel Articles

Over Day Trip By Plane To Luxor | Sightseeing Tours From Cairo Egypt

 

Nowhere else in the world has such a wealth of antiquities of mankind as it has been in Luxor (Thebes) like Karnak Temples, Valley of the Kings, the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut etc.. Luxor Day Tour By Flight To Luxor. Sightseeing Tour By Plane to Karnak, Hatshbsut Temples, Valley Of Kings, Trip To Luxor From Cairo | Egypt Sightseeing Tours

Pick up early morning for your hotel in Cairo to Cairo International Airport for your 50 minutes flight to Luxor. Upon arrival at Luxor Airport, meet our expert Egyptologist guide who will start your day with a visit to Karnak Temples, it was constructed from the beginning of the Middle Kingdom to the Greco Roman Kingdom. Next you will cross the river Nile by Felucca, a typical Egyptian sailing boat, to discover “The City of The Dead”, also the Colossi of Memnon which represnts the remains of the temple of Amenophis III. Visit also the Valley of the Kings wher many kings are buried in this valley. The most known tombs are King Tutmosis I, Tutmosis III, Tut-Ankh-Amon, King Ramssess VI, King Mrenptah and AmonhotepII. proceed to Hatshebsut Temple that was built by Queen Hatshepsut who ruled Egypt about 20 years during the 18th Dynasty, she is the only Pharaonic women who ever reigned ancient Egypt. Finally we will return back to Luxor Airport for flight back to Cairo then to your hotel.

 

Price includes:

  • Hotel pick up and drop off service

  • Return flight ticket by Egypt air

  • Entrance fees as per itinerary

  • All transfer by modern AC van

  • Expert Egyptologist guide 

  • A bottle of mineral water & soft drink

  • Lunch meal in Luxor

  • All service charges and taxes

 

Price excludes:

  • Any extras not mentioned in the program

 

Notes:

Trip runs every day.
Prices are quoted in US$ per person.
Tour is opertaed privately.
Discounts are available for groups and children.

For More info Luxor Day Trip, Flight Tour To Luxor, Karnak Temples From Cairo

 

Invincible Class Aircraft Carrier – Tdm Over Ip Manufacturer – Tdmoip Manufacturer

Development
The Invincible class has its origins in a sketch design for a 6,000 ton, guided-missile armed, helicopter carrying escort cruiser intended as a complement to the much larger CVA-01-class fleet aircraft carrier. The cancellation of CVA-01 in 1966 meant that the smaller cruiser would now have to provide the anti-submarine warfare (ASW) taskforce with command and control facilities. Two new designs were prepared for this requirement; a 12,500 ton cruiser with missiles forward, six Westland Sea King helicopters and a flight deck aft, somewhat similar to the Vittorio Veneto of the Italian Navy and a larger 17,500 ton vessel with a “through-deck”, nine Sea Kings and missiles right forward. By 1970, the “through-deck” design had advanced into a Naval Staff Requirement for an 18,750 ton Through-Deck Command Cruisers (TDCC).
In February 1963, the Hawker P.1127 VTOL (vertical take-off and landing) aircraft had landed and taken-off from the carrier Ark Royal and the subsequent Hawker-Siddeley Kestrel had undergone trials from the “Commando carrier” (an aircraft carrier operating helicopters) HMS Bulwark. It was therefore perfectly possible that the new “cruisers” could be used to operate VTOL aircraft. Politics, however, determined that the new ships were carefully termed “through-deck cruisers” and not “aircraft carrier” by the RN; the cancellation of CVA-01 was intended to mean the UK’s abandonment of aircraft carriers for good.
Economic problems in the UK in the early 1970s delayed progress on the new ships, but the design continued to evolve. The order for the first ship was given to Vickers (Shipbuilding) on 17 April 1973. By now, the design was for a 19,000 ton “CAH” (helicopter carrying heavy cruiser, styled after the U.S Navy Hull classification symbols) with up to fourteen aircraft and a Sea Dart missile launcher on the bows.
Finally, in May 1975, the Government authorised the maritime version of the Hawker Siddeley Harrier, which was successfully developed into the Sea Harrier. This meant that the design was reworked again to include a small complement of these VTOL aircraft. In order to launch a heavily-laden Harrier more efficiently by STOVL (short take-off vertical landing) from the comparatively short – 170 m – flight deck, a ‘ski-jump’ was developed. The slope was initially 7 when incorporated into Invincible and Illustrious and 12 for Ark Royal. The class also has, since 1976, a secondary role as an helicopter carrier, or LPH, in the reinforcement of NATO’s Northern flank in Norway. In 1998 HMS Ocean, with a hull form based on that of the Invincible class, was commissioned specifically for this role.
HMS Invincible in 1991
After the 1982 Falklands War, CIWS guns were added to the design. Illustrious had them fitted at the last minute before commissioning, Ark Royal had them added as a normal part of the building process, and Invincible had them fitted during her first overhaul after the Falklands. Initially, Invincible and Illustrious were fitted with two Vulcan Phalanx units; these have since been replaced with three Goalkeeper systems. Ark Royal has the three Phalanx CIWS systems she was fitted with when built (she can be easily distinguished from her sisters by the Phalanx’s distinctive white “R2-D2” radome). Electronic countermeasures are provided by a Thales jamming system and ECM system. Seagnat launchers provide for chaff or flare decoys. As part of upgrades during the mid 1990s, all three ships had the Sea Dart removed, with the forecastle filled in to increase the size of the flight deck.
Construction Programme
Pennant
Name
(a) Hull builder
Ordered
Laid down
Launched
Accepted
into service
Commissioned
Estimated
building cost
R05
HMS Invincible
(a) Vickers Armstrong, Barrow.
17 April 1973
20 July 1973
3 May 1977
19 March 1980
11 July 1980
185,500,000
R06
HMS Illustrious
(a) Swan Hunter
May 1976
7 October 1976
1 December 1978
18 June 1982
20 June 1982
215,400,000
R07
HMS Ark Royal (ex-Indomitable)
(a) Swan Hunter
December 1978
14 December 1978
2 June 1981
2 July 1985
1 November 1985
332,900,000
Falklands War
Prior to 1982, Invincible’s air group consisted purely of Sea King HAS.5 anti-submarine helicopters and Sea Harrier FRS.1 aircraft. Typically, nine Sea Kings, and four or five Sea Harriers were embarked. This was due to the fact that the originally envisioned mission for the ships was to provide the heart of ASW hunter-killer groups in the North Atlantic during a war against the Soviet Union. In that context, the main weapon of the carrier would not be its fighter aircraft, but its ASW helicopters. The fighters were on board to shoot down the occasional Soviet maritime patrol aircraft nosing around the ship and its escorts.
The Falklands War changed that posture, since it proved that Britain needed to retain the capability to use carrier air power in its traditional role of power projection, both over land, and against enemy fleets. The Falklands War saw Invincible, and the larger and older HMS Hermes filled to capacity with both the Sea Harrier and the Royal Air Force Harrier GR3 ground attack variant of the aircraft, along with ASW helicopters. The RAF Harriers proved to be a temporary aberration at the time. However a permanent addition to the usual air group was made due to lessons learnt during the war: the Sea King AEW2A (Airborne Early Warning) version. Illustrious carried the first examples of the type when it was rushed south in the aftermath of the Falklands War to relieve Invincible of its guard duty around the islands.
HMS Illustrious (right) with the nuclear powered aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis
In the aftermath of the Falklands, the typical air group was three AEW Sea Kings, nine ASW Sea Kings and eight or nine Sea Harriers. Analysis of the Sea Harrier’s performance during the war lead to the requirement for an upgrade, approval for which was granted in 1984. Initially to be known as the FRS.2, the Sea Harrier FA2 entered service on 2 April 1993, deploying on Invincible to Bosnia in 1994. The FA2 featured the Blue Vixen radar which is described as one of the most advanced pulse Doppler radars in the world. The Blue Vixen formed the basis for the Typhoon’s CAPTOR radar. The FA2 carried the AIM-120 AMRAAM. The final new build Sea Harrier FA2 was delivered on 18 January 1999. Other improvements were made to the class during the 1980s and early 1990s, with probably the most important being the increase of the ski jump angle on Invincible and Illustrious to match the 12 slope of Ark Royal.
Modernisation
HMS Invincible undergoing overhaul and modernisation.
In recent years, three other changes have been made. One was the removal of the Sea Dart system, creating an increased deck park for aircraft. The Sea Dart magazines were converted to increase air-to-surface weapons stowage, and new aircrew briefing facilities created under the extended flight deck, both to support the embarkation of RAF Harrier GR7s as a routine part of the air group. The ships have all also been fitted to handle the new Merlin helicopters. The HM1 variant of the Merlin has replaced the HAS6 variant of the Sea King in the carrier borne ASW role. Since the integration of the Harrier GR7, typical deployments have included seven or eight of those aircraft, pushing the Merlin onto the carrier’s escorting Fort class replenishment ship.
The two most recent wartime deployments of the class have seen them in their secondary LPH role, as it was officially judged that Sea Harriers could provide no useful role in the missions. During those deployments, the class has embarked RAF Chinook helicopters, in lieu of their fixed wing complement.
Future
The Sea Harrier was officially retired on 1 April 2006. From now until the decommissioning of the ships, their principal weapon will be the Harrier GR9 flown by two Fleet Air Arm and two RAF squadrons. Invincible was decommissioned in July 2005, and has been mothballed (available for reactivation on notice) until 2010. Ark Royal has taken over as the Flagship and is planned to be decommissioned in 2016, Illustrious in 2014, as two new, much larger Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers are brought into service. They are expected to displace around 65,600 tonnes each – more than three times the displacement of the Invincible class.
Specification
Length: 689 ft (210 m)
Beam: 118.1 ft (36 m)
Draught: 28.9 ft (8.8 m)
Displacement: 16,970 tons standard; 20,710 tons full load
Crew: Ships crew: 650. Air crew: 350. Capacity for additional 500 royal marines
Power: 4 x Rolls-Royce Olympus gas turbines (COGAG) 100,000 shp (75 MW), 8 Paxman Valenta diesel generators.
Speed: 28 knots (52 km/h), 18 knots (33 km/h) cruising
Range: 7,000 nmi (13,000 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h)
The Paxman Valenta power units used for electrical power generation are similar to the engines originally used in the British Rail Class 43 HST Power cars
Ships in class
HMS Invincible (R05)
Invincible
Builders:  United Kingdom (Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering in Barrow-in-Furness)
Laid down: 20 July 1973
Launched: 8 May 1977 (List)
Operator:  Royal Navy
Commissioned: 11 July 1980 (List)
Decommissioned: 3 August 2005 (List)
Status: Mothballed (reserve)
Modifications: Lengthened flight deck, removal of Sea Dart SAM, addition of three Goalkeeper CIWS
Operations: Falklands War, Operation Deny Flight, Operation Deliberate Force, Operation Bolton, Operation Allied Force
Victories: 21 Argentine aircraft during Falklands War.
HMS Illustrious (R06)
Illustrious
Builders:  United Kingdom (Swan Hunter on the River Tyne)
Laid down: 7 October 1976
Launched: 14 December 1978 (List)
Operator:  Royal Navy
Commissioned: 20 June 1982 (List)
Status: In active service, based at Portsmouth
Modifications: Lengthened flight deck, removal of Sea Dart SAM, addition of three Goalkeeper CIWS
Operations: Bosnia, Operation Palliser, Evacuation of British Citizens from Beirut (Israeli-Lebanon Conflict 2006)
Victories:
HMS Ark Royal (R07)
Ark Royal
Builders:  United Kingdom (Swan Hunter in Wallsend)
Laid down: 14 December 1978
Launched: 2 June 1981 (List)
Operator:  Royal Navy
Commissioned: 1 November 1985 (List)
Status: In active service
Modifications: Enlarged flight deck, removal of Sea Dart SAM, addition of three Phalanx CIWS
Operations: 1993-1994 Operation Deny Flight, 2003 invasion of Iraq – Operation Telic
Victories:
See also
The United States designed the Sea Control Ship to serve a similar role, and whilst none were actually built, a number of foreign small aircraft carriers were based on the concept including:[citation needed] the Thai Chakri Naruebet, the Italian Giuseppe Garibaldi and the Spanish Principe de Asturias.
References
^ a b c d e f Vanguard to Trident; British Naval Policy since World War II, Eric J. Grove, The Bodley Head, 1987, ISBN 0-370-31021-7
^ Hansard HC Deb 26 March 1969 vol 780 c303W Cruisers (V/STOL Aircraft)
“Mr. Wall asked the Secretary of State for Defence whether the new cruisers will operate vertical/short take-off and landing aircraft; and when it is expected the first will be ordered.
Mr. John Morris No decision has yet been taken whether vertical and short take-off and landing aircraft should be operated at sea. It is too early to say when the first of the new cruisers will be ordered.”
^ a b c Warships of the Royal Navy, Capt. John E. Moore RN, Jane’s Publishing, 1981, ISBN 0-7106-0105-0
^ “Unit cost, i.e. excluding cost of certain items (e.g. aircraft, First Outfits).” Text from Defences Estimates
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Gardiner, Robert Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships 1947-1995, pub Conway Maritime Press, 1995, ISBN 0-85177-605-1 page 501.
^ Hansard HC Deb 04 March 1977 vol 927 c337W, this lists Invincible as ordered in financial year 1973-74, the explanation for this is given in the following source:
Hansard HC Deb 24 November 1977 vol 939 cc869-70W Question to the Secretary of State for Defence about contracts, 24 November 1977.
For the first ASW Cruiser (HMS Invincible) the planned order date when tender invited was February 1973. The contract was placed in April 1973.
^ a b c d Hansard HC Deb 23 October 1989 vol 158 cc357-8W Question to the Secretary of State for Defence asking him to list the Royal Navy vessels built in each of the past 15 years, showing the cost of each and the yards in which they were constructed, 23 October 1983. The second part of this may be found at Hansard HC Deb 23 October 1989 vol 158 cc358-61W.
^ a b Hansard HC Deb 23 October 1989 vol 158 cc358-61W Question to the Secretary of State for Defence asking him to list the Royal Navy vessels built in each of the past 15 years, showing the cost of each and the yards in which they were constructed, 23 October 1983. The first part of this may be found at Hansard HC Deb 23 October 1989 vol 158 cc357-8W.
^ naval-technology.com: Invincible Class
^ “Lebanon evacuation gathers pace”. BBC News Online. 18 July 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/5189988.stm. 
^ Sea Control Ship – GlobalSecurity.org
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Invincible class aircraft carriers
v d e
Invincible-class aircraft carrier
Invincible  Illustrious  Ark Royal
Preceded by: Audacious and Centaur classes  Followed by: Queen Elizabeth class
List of aircraft carriers of the Royal Navy
v d e
Aircraft carrier classes in service
Admiral Kuznetsov  Cavour  Centaur (Hermes subclass) / Viraat  Chakri Naruebet  Charles de Gaulle  Enterprise  Giuseppe Garibaldi  Invincible  Nimitz  Principe de Asturias  Clemenceau / So Paulo
Categories: Aircraft carrier classes | Invincible class aircraft carriers | Cold War aircraft carriers of the United Kingdom | Active aircraft carriers of the United KingdomHidden categories: Articles needing cleanup from January 2010 | All pages needing cleanup | Wikipedia introduction cleanup from January 2010 | All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from January 2010 | Articles lacking in-text citations from May 2009 | All articles lacking in-text citations

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